biggest onion producer in the world

Onions are a key ingredient in many cuisines worldwide. China leads as the top onion producer, with an impressive 24,040,509 tonnes annually1. India is a close second, producing 21,415,425 tonnes each year1. Onions are the second most eaten vegetable after potatoes, with a global production of 93,226,400 tonnes yearly1.

Onion Production by Country in 2022

Country Flag Production (t)
India ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ณ 31,687,000
China ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ 24,542,011
Egypt ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ฌ 3,663,943
United States ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ 2,918,958
Bangladesh ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฉ 2,517,070
Tรผrkiye ๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ท 2,350,000
Pakistan ๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ฐ 2,062,336
Indonesia ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฉ 1,982,360
Iran ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ท 1,900,000
Algeria ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฟ 1,763,118
Brazil ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ท 1,656,076
Russia ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ 1,599,256
Sudan ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฉ 1,591,709
Nigeria ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฌ 1,554,966
Mexico ๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฝ 1,509,161
Niger ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ช 1,496,545
Netherlands ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ 1,496,310
Spain ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ 1,235,700
Uzbekistan ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ฟ 1,214,349
Japan ๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต 1,214,000
  • China is the world’s largest onion producer, contributing over 24 million tonnes annually.
  • India is the second-largest onion producer, harvesting over 21 million tonnes per year.
  • Onions are the second most consumed vegetable globally, with a total worldwide production of 93 million tonnes.
  • Onion consumption per capita is highest in Tajikistan, followed by Niger and Uzbekistan.
  • The global onion export market is valued at over $100 million, with China being the largest exporter.

India’s Onion Dominance

India leads the world in onion production, making a big part of the global onion supply2. It’s the second-biggest producer after China, with about 28.5% of the world’s onions3. Most of India’s onions come from Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, and Karnataka3.

Global Onion Production by Country (2022)

Source: FAO (2022)

Key Onion Producing States

Maharashtra is India’s top onion producer, thanks to its fertile soil and good climate2. It’s where you’ll find major onion farms in Nasik, Pune, and other places2. Karnataka, Gujarat, Bihar, and Andhra Pradesh are also big onion producers, each with their own growing methods.

High Yields and Modern Practices

India’s onion farms are among the most productive in the world, thanks to new farming methods and better irrigation4. Trade reforms in the 1990s helped boost onion exports, making it easier for farmers and companies to sell onions both at home and abroad4. But, the industry still faces issues like price changes, quality problems, and logistics that need new solutions4.

India is a big name in the onion export market2. In 2023, it sent out nearly 2.5 million tonnes of onions, ranking second after China2. This growth is thanks to better farming, storage, and transport, plus easier trade rules4.

“India needs to implement proactive measures to sustain its position in the global onion market.”


China: Major Producer and Consumer

China is the second-biggest onion producer in the world5. It makes over 20 million tonnes of onions every year6. This makes China a key player in the global onion market.

Leading Onion Producing Provinces

In China, onions are mainly grown in a few key provinces. Gansu in the northwest is a big producer, making up 30% of China’s onions6. Shandong is another major producer, known for its strong-tasting green onions, and makes about 15% of China’s onions6.

Other important places for onion farming are Henan, Anhui, Jiangsu, Sichuan, and Yunnan. Each area has its own special onions and farming ways.

Diverse Varieties and Production Seasons

China grows many types of onions, with red onions making up about 75% of its production6. The rest are white or yellow onions. This variety meets different tastes and needs in the market.

China’s onions are grown in spring, summer, and autumn. This means onions are available all year round.

New onion seeds and better farming methods have made China’s onion yields go up over the last ten years6. This has made China a big onion producer and user.

“China is the world’s biggest producer, importer, and consumer of food, with the world’s largest food workforce estimated at around 315 million laborers.”7

United States โ€“ Significant Grower and Exporter

The United States is a top onion producer worldwide8. It’s a big player in the global red onion market and exports a lot of onions8.

Major Onion Producing States

California leads in onion production in the US, making up 31% of the total9. It’s the only place that grows both spring and summer onions, with 16% being spring onions9. Oregon, Idaho, and Washington also play big roles in onion farming.

Oregon produces over 25% of the US onions8. Idaho and eastern Oregon are known for sweet onions like Walla Walla. Washington is the top producer of yellow onions, which keep well8. California grows many onion types all year in different places9.

StateShare of US Onion ProductionNoteworthy Onion Varieties
California31%Spring-harvested, Summer-harvested
OregonOver 25%Sweet Onions
IdahoN/ASweet Onions (Walla Walla)
WashingtonN/AYellow Onions

The US is a big onion grower and exporter8. It sends out about 30% of its onions each year, worth over $450 million8. Mexico and Canada get most of these onions, showing the US’s key role in meeting global demand8.

“The United States’ onion industry is a testament to the country’s agricultural prowess, with innovative farming techniques and a diverse range of high-quality onion varieties.”

Egypt’s Onion Cultivation Significance

Egypt is a big name in the onion market worldwide10. It produces about 2.3 million tonnes of onions every year, making it one of the top onion producers10. Most of the onions grow in the fertile Nile Delta, near Cairo, thanks to its mild climate10.

The soil in this area is perfect for onions because it keeps moisture well, helping the bulbs grow big10. Egypt mainly grows red onions, which last a long time and are in high demand10. The country has also improved its irrigation to meet the growing need for onions and other veggies10.

Onion farming in Egypt goes way back to the Middle Ages, when it was famous for its onions10. Even King Ramses IV was buried with onions, showing how important onions were in ancient Egypt10.

Now, Egypt’s onion industry is still going strong, becoming a big exporter11. In 2022, it sent over 250,000 metric tons of onions to other countries, including a lot of red onions11. The Netherlands, the UK, and Germany are big buyers of Egyptian onions11.

The onion market is growing fast, with a 11.51% annual growth rate from 2023 to 202812. Egypt is well-placed to benefit from this trend, thanks to its long onion farming history and good location12.

“Egyptian onion farmers have suffered significant losses, reaching $500 per acre in the last two years.”10

Even with challenges, Egypt’s onion industry is crucial for the world’s food supply, providing top-quality onions10. As onion demand keeps rising, Egypt’s role in onion production is set to grow even more12.

Iran’s Growing Export Focus

Iran is a big onion producer, making nearly 2 million tonnes each year. This is 5% of the world’s onions13. Most of these onions come from the central and northeastern parts of the country. The dry climate there makes the onions taste strong and flavorful14.

Semi-Arid Climate Impacts Flavor

The dry climate in Iran affects the taste of its onions14. About 70% of Iran’s onions are red onions. They have a bold taste that people around the world love14.

Export Market Expansion

Iran is working to sell more onions to countries like Iraq, Russia, Ukraine, and the Persian Gulf14. In 2022, they sold 478,000 tonnes of onions, which is 24% more than before15. Iran has also raised onion export duties to 100% to control prices after they went up by 43.9%14.

Iran is improving its storage and transport systems to send more onions to the world13. They focus on quality and making onions easy to get, which is making them a big name in onion trade1314.

“Iranian onions are known for their high quality due to suitable weather conditions and traditional farming methods.”

CountryOnion Exports (Tonnes)Growth in 2022
India2,000,00048% increase
China835,00025% increase
Iran478,00024% increase

biggest onion producer in the world

India leads the world in onion production, growing over 21 million tonnes every year. This makes it the biggest onion producer globally16. China and the United States are also major producers, adding a lot to the world’s onion supply1617.

The best places for growing onions have dry, temperate climates. These conditions help onions grow big and flavorful16. Onions are key in many cuisines, offering nutrition and versatility16. They are a staple crop in many countries, helping with food security and economic growth1618.

India’s onion production is huge, with 13.4 million tonnes harvested each year18. China produces about 24.2 million tonnes, and the United States around 3.1 million tonnes18.

In India, onions are grown in two cycles, with over 12 million tonnes exported yearly16. China uses a lot of land for onions, producing 11.16 million tonnes on average16.

world's largest onion producer

The world produces 74.3 million tonnes of onions16. The United States plants 125,000 acres of onions, making about 6.2 billion pounds of onions16.

India is the top onion producer, playing a big role in the global food market161817.

Turkey’s Renowned Sivri Onions

Turkey is a leader in the world of food, known for its wide variety of onions, especially the Sivri onion19. It produces the most onions each year, a whopping 1.9 million tonnes19. This shows Turkey’s skill in farming and the key role onions play in its food.

The Sivri onion is small but packs a big punch in flavor19. Its unique shape adds a special taste and smell to many Turkish dishes. You can find it in everything from firikli bulgur pilavi to karides guvec, a tasty prawn and vegetable dish19.

Turkey is home to many onion types, each suited to its different regions20. Whether it’s the Mediterranean’s olive oil dishes or the Black Sea’s corn-based meals, onions are key20.

Onions are essential in Turkish cooking, thanks to the country’s farming skills and creative cooks20. Even as Turkey’s food scene changes, the Sivri onion and others like it stay central to its food stories19.

“Turkish cuisine is globally renowned for its meat dishes, such as various types of kebabs, meatballs, casseroles, and stews, showcasing a wide range of culinary offerings.”20

Despite challenges like the 2023 earthquakes, Turkey’s love for its food remains strong21. Places like Meriรง ร‡iftliฤŸi keep offering the unique tastes that make Turkish food special21.

The world is discovering more about Turkish food, and the Sivri onion is leading the way19. It shows Turkey’s commitment to keeping its food traditions alive and growing19.

Russia’s Onion Production Dominance in Europe

Russia is the largest onion grower in Europe, mainly in the central black earth region22. In 2018, it produced about 1.6 million tons of onions, ranking 9th globally22. The country aims to boost onion exports, using its lead in European onion production.

After the Soviet Union broke up in 1991, Russia’s agriculture faced big challenges. Livestock and grain planting area fell by 25%22. Use of fertilizers and other inputs also dropped, hurting crop yields22. But, the 2014 ruble devaluation and sanctions led to more domestic farming, including onion production22.

The southern parts of Russia have rich chernozem soil, with 7% of the land suitable for farming, and 60% for crops22. Yet, changes in the late 20th century hurt Russian farming. For example, Tuva lost 10.37 times more arable land from 1990 to 201522. Magadan Oblast and Murmansk Oblast also saw big losses, and Moscow Oblast lost 2.11 times more land22.

As the european onion production leader, Russia is working to increase onion exports. It has vast agricultural resources and wants to diversify its economy22. With its fertile soil and good climate, Russia is set to keep leading in the European onion market22.

russia onion production

Netherlands: Onion Innovation Powerhouse

The Netherlands may not be the biggest onion producer, but it leads in onion research and innovation23. Dutch seed companies are leading the way with new onion varieties. Enza Zaden spends $100 million a year on research and introduces about 150 new vegetable varieties yearly23.

Greenhouses in the Netherlands are key to growing and spreading these new onion seeds fast23. Producers there combine breeding, seed making, and automated harvesting. This ensures they produce high-quality onions consistently23.

New Variety Development

The Netherlands is a hub for onion seed innovation, thanks to its strong seed industry and research focus23. Enza Zaden’s seeds help grow over 12 billion heads of lettuce each year. This shows the company’s big impact on global vegetable production23.

High-Tech Production Methods

The Netherlands uses advanced tech in its onion production23. Its greenhouses produce nearly a million tons of tomatoes yearly, with exports worth about $2 billion23. Companies like PlantLab are expanding their high-tech farms, showing the Netherlands’ skill in sustainable farming23.

The Netherlands sends out about two-thirds of its onions to other countries. This makes it a key player in onion innovation worldwide23.

“The Netherlands’ onion industry is a testament to the country’s commitment to agricultural innovation and its ability to lead the way in meeting the world’s growing food demands.”

Onion Farming Challenges and Innovations

Onion farming is a key part of global agriculture, facing many challenges. These challenges need new solutions. Onion farmers deal with environmental issues and diseases to keep yields high and quality top-notch24.

Environmental and Disease Pressures

Climate change brings new problems for onion growers. Unpredictable rain, long droughts, and extreme weather threaten crops25. Diseases like downy mildew, purple blotch, and Fusarium wilt can destroy harvests. Farmers must find ways to manage these diseases26.

Cutting-Edge Agronomic Advances

The onion industry is using new tech to boost productivity and efficiency. Advanced systems like True-AI have changed how onions are graded and sorted. This cuts down on manual labor and ensures accuracy24. New onion seeds and soil supplements help fight environmental stress and diseases26.

New tech in storing and processing onions keeps quality high and extends their shelf life. As demand for onions grows, the farming industry must keep innovating to meet consumer needs24.

Onion Farming InnovationsKey Benefits
Advanced deep-learning systems (e.g., True-AI)Improved grading accuracy, reduced labor needs, enhanced operational efficiency
New hybrid and genetically improved onion seed varietiesIncreased yield, disease resistance, and resilience to environmental stressors
Novel soil supplements and protective crop coversMitigated impacts of climate change and disease pressures
Advanced onion storage and processing technologiesMaintained quality and extended shelf life for global distribution

“By embracing True-AI, onion packers can achieve more accurate and consistent onion grading, leading to increased efficiency, reduced waste, enhanced profitability, improved customer satisfaction, and a competitive advantage in the market.”24

The onion farming industry is always changing. Using new tech and innovative farming practices is key to overcoming challenges. By working together and focusing on sustainability, onion farming can provide a steady supply of this important crop for the future2624.

Pakistan’s Regional Onion Diversity

Pakistan is among the top 10 onion producers worldwide27. It grows onions in various climates, from the warm south to the cool north. The country produces over 1.7 million tonnes of onions every year27. Data from 2015 to 2019 shows how the industry has grown27.

Table 1 in the report lists the main onion varieties grown in Pakistan27. It shows the wide range of onions produced. Table 227 gives details on onion production by district. This highlights where onions are grown and the specialization in each area.

Pakistan’s main crops are wheat and rice, but onions are also a big deal28. Efforts to reduce post-harvest losses and improve the supply chain are underway28. These efforts could make Pakistani onions more popular worldwide, thanks to their quality and nutritional value.


What are the key facts about onion production globally?

About 170 countries grow onions, with 9.2 million acres harvested each year. 8% of this onion harvest is traded across borders. China, India, and the United States lead in onion production.

Who is the largest onion producer in the world?

India leads in onion production, growing over 26 million tonnes yearly. It supplies nearly 25% of the world’s onions.

What are the major onion producing states in India?

Major onion producers in India include Maharashtra, Karnataka, Gujarat, Bihar, and Andhra Pradesh. Maharashtra alone produces 30% of India’s onions, making it the top producer.

How does India achieve high onion yields?

India’s high onion yields come from advanced farming methods, ideal climate, fertile soil, and good irrigation in Maharashtra.

Which are the leading onion producing provinces in China?

China’s top onion producers are Gansu, Shandong, Henan, Anhui, Jiangsu, Sichuan, and Yunnan. Gansu produces 30% of China’s onions, and Shandong accounts for 15%.

What are the key features of onion farming in China?

China’s onion farming covers three seasons – spring, summer, and autumn. Red onions make up 75% of production, with the rest being white/yellow onions. China has boosted yields through better seeds and farming practices.

Which are the top onion producing states in the United States?

The top onion producers in the US are Oregon, Idaho, Washington, and California. Oregon produces over 25% of America’s onions, with Idaho and eastern Oregon famous for sweet onions like Walla Walla.

What is the significance of onion production in Egypt?

Egypt is the 4th largest onion producer, growing 2.3 million tonnes yearly. Onions are mainly grown in the Nile Delta, benefiting from a mild climate and fertile soil for year-round farming.

How is Iran developing its onion exports?

Iran produces nearly 2 million tonnes of onions annually, making up 5% of global production. It’s expanding exports to Iraq, Russia, Ukraine, and the Persian Gulf, and improving storage and transport infrastructure.

What makes Turkey’s Sivri onions unique?

Turkey is famous for its Sivri onions, a small, flavorful variety ideal for Turkish cuisine. It grows a variety of onions, producing about 1.9 million tonnes yearly.

How does the Netherlands excel in onion innovation?

The Netherlands ranks 10th in onion production but leads in research and innovation. Dutch seed companies develop high-yielding onions, and producers use greenhouses and mechanization for quality exports.

What challenges do onion producers face globally?

Onion farming faces challenges like climate change, pests, diseases, storage issues, and rising labor costs. Solutions include new onion varieties, soil supplements, crop covers, storage tech, and mechanization.

How diverse is onion production in Pakistan?

Pakistan grows over 1.7 million tonnes of onions yearly, from warm southern regions for shallots to cooler northern areas for bulbing onions. It aims to modernize farming and expand exports.

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  8. Nefartete Company The Biggest Exporters of Red Onion: A Global Guide –
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  15. Global onion market โ€“ which countries increased their imports and exports the most in 2022? โ€ข EastFruit –
  16. The Top Onion Producing Countries In The World –
  17. Which Country Produces the Most Dry Onion in the World? –
  18. World Onion Production by Country –
  19. Tag: onion | Ozlem’s Turkish Table –
  20. Turkish Cuisine – Turkish Gastronomy and Culinary Culture –
  21. Cook This: 3 Turkish recipes from Sebze, including a summery meze –
  22. Agriculture in Russia –
  23. Cutting-edge tech made this tiny country a major exporter of food –
  24. 7 Innovative Onion Packers Embrace True-AI to Transform the Market | AgriTechTomorrow –
  25. Empowering Senegalese Onion Farmers to Cope with Climate Change and Increase Productivity | AWARD –
  26. Conservation and Global Distribution of Onion (Allium cepa L.) Germplasm for Agricultural Sustainability –
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  28. Pakistan Among World’s Largest Food Producing Countries –

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